Main trends 2021
While the world is still reeling from the consequences of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, there has been an increase in movement as some countries have increased their testing capacities and started rolling out vaccination. The number of AVRR recipients in 2021 increased by 17%, from 37,043 in 2020 to 43,428 in 2021. Similarly, the number of VHR recipients increased by 57%, from 4,038 in 2020 to 6 367 in 2021.
Niger remained the main receiving country for migrants assisted in their return, with a total of 10,573, an increase of 16% compared to 2020. Germany retained its position as the second receiving country, with a 18% increase, from 5,732 in 2020 to 6,785 in 2021 of migrants assisted to return to their country of origin.
In 2021, Guinea saw a 67% increase in the number of returning nationals, replacing last year’s top country, Mali, which also saw a 37% increase in the number of returning nationals, but is fell to second place.
West and Central Africa remained the main region of origin, with 45% of the total number of migrants assisted to return in 2021, an increase of 22% compared to 2020. European economy remained the main receiving region, with 34% of the total number of migrants assisted to return in 2021, a decrease of 39% compared to 2020.
The number of host countries decreased from 139 in 2020 to 125 in 2021. Similarly, the number of countries that are both host and home countries decreased from 133 in 2020 to 120 in 2021. The number of countries of origin remained the same as in 2020, at 150.
After a decline in 2020 compared to previous years, the number of migrants in vulnerable situations assisted to return to their country of origin increased from 2,386 in 2020 to 4,446 in 2021.