Weekly update of the situation for Latin America and the Caribbean (December 6-12, 2021) As of December 13, 2021 – Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

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KEY FIGURES

$ 1.79B REQUIRED TO MEET 3.82 MILLION PEOPLE IN 17 COUNTRIES

REGIONAL: VENEZUELAN MIGRANTS AND REFUGEES

The R4V Interagency Coordination Platform for Refugees and Migrants in Venezuela launched the 2022 Regional Refugee and Migrant Response Plan (RMRP) for $ 1.79 billion to meet the growing needs of 3, 82 million Venezuelan migrants and refugees, Colombian returnees and host communities across 17 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean.

The 3.82 million people targeted (out of some 8.4 million in need) are more than half a million more people than the 3.3 million people targeted (out of 7.2 million in need) in the 2021 RMRP.

This funding requirement is a 24% increase from the $ 1.44 billion required for the 2021 RMRP, which was funded at 45% for approximately $ 648 million, indicating growing needs in the context of the impact. continued COVID-19 pandemic, increasing unemployment and poverty in host communities and serious protection risks associated with irregular status.

The RMRP aims to further strengthen national and regional responses, supporting essential humanitarian services, including health, shelter, food, water, sanitation and hygiene interventions in host countries. .

CENTRAL AMERICA AND MEXICO: REFUGEES AND ASYLUM SEEKERS

KEY FIGURES

MORE THAN 1M PEOPLE IN CENTRAL AMERICA AND MEXICO LEAVED THEIR COUNTRIES IN 2021

According to the annual report of the Comprehensive Regional Framework for Protection and Solutions (MIRPS, according to its Spanish acronym), more than one million people have left the 7 MIRPS countries (Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador,
Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico and Panama) in 2021. The report cites chronic violence, climate shocks and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic as the main drivers that have led to a 19.4% increase in the number of applicants. asylum and refugees in the sub-region. The first half of 2021 saw an 18.5% increase in asylum seekers and a 26.5% increase in refugees compared to the same period in 2020.

In terms of internal displacement, MIRPS identifies some 1.06 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) in El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras. Mexico and Costa Rica host the vast majority of the two groups with 172,600 and 105,200, respectively, and receive new asylum claims with 51,600 and 13,800. The growth in asylum applications in Mexico from 70,000 in 2019 to 123,000 in 2021 indicates that it is increasingly becoming a country of destination, especially among Haitians.

REGIONAL: HUMANITARIAN ACCESS

The recently released Humanitarian Access Snapshot of the Capacity Assessment Project (ACAPS) refers to access issues in several Latin American and Caribbean countries, assessed based on the access of people in need. aid, access by humanitarian agencies and physical, environmental and security constraints.

In terms of absolute ranking, the Overview places Haiti, Honduras, Mexico and Nicaragua as countries with strong constraints, behind Colombia (very strong constraints) and Venezuela (extreme constraints). Compared to the mid-year snapshot released in July 2021, access deteriorated in Colombia, Trinidad and Tobago and Venezuela, remained stable in Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, in Mexico and Nicaragua, and improved in Brazil, Costa Rica and Peru. The Snapshot cites the presence of armed criminal groups in Honduras and Mexico and the deteriorating conditions in Nicaragua as key factors in their humanitarian access status.

REGIONAL: COVID-19

PAHO warns that while the Omicron variant of the SARS-CoV-2 virus has so far only been detected in Argentina,
Brazil, Chile, Cuba and Mexico as of December 8, it’s only a matter of time before it spreads to more countries.

PAHO notes that the decline in cases in much of Central America and in Ecuador, Chile and Argentina is encouraging, but that the arrival of the new variant should prompt increased vigilance in the short term while researchers continue to learn more about Omicron’s behavior and the potential risk to Latin America and the Caribbean, already the region hardest hit by the global pandemic.

Currently, around 56% of all people in the region are fully vaccinated against COVID-19, but 20 countries have yet to meet the WHO target of 40% coverage by end of year. year, with up to six countries unlikely to meet the target at their current rate.


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