In Afghanistan, decades of conflict and recent shifts in control of the country have converged with deep-rooted poverty, natural disasters, including the recently declared drought in June 2021, and Covid-19 to generate different types and layers of needs. within the campaign. As the estimated number of people in need has increased year on year, the need for evidence-based decision-making and prioritization through joint cross-sector analysis has only become clearer. .
To ensure this evidence base, the Inter-Cluster Coordination Team (ICCT) led by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) implemented the fourth cycle of the WoAA, facilitated by the initiative REACH (REACH). Conducted for the first time in 2018, the assessment, synchronized with key stages of the Humanitarian Program Cycle (HPC), provides high-quality representative data to decision makers and humanitarian implementers to inform the annual Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO ) and the Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) . For more information, please see the WoAA 2021 Terms of Reference (ToR).
Target population groups included internally displaced persons (IDPs), cross-border returnees (CB) and host communities. The IDP population group includes recent IDP households (displaced for less than 6 months) and non-recent IDP households (displaced for 7 months or more). The BC returnee population group includes all recent BC returnee households (returned within 6 months) and non-recent BC returnee households (returned 7 months or more). Host communities include non-displaced households in areas with a high concentration of displaced populations (recent and non-recent). Pakistani refugees (residing in Khost and Paktika provinces) were also included in the sampling frame, but are not reported here due to data collection issues.
WoAA 2021 relied on two quantitative components: face-to-face household surveys and key informant interviews (KIIs). Household surveys were conducted in accessible districts. KIIs were conducted in accessible and inaccessible districts (including hard-to-reach districts). The data was collected from August 04 to October 03, 2021 by REACH and 11 partner organizations.
The WoAA also included a specific domestic element to pick up female voices. Alongside the primary data collection exercise, which almost entirely included the views of male heads of households (99.7%), a dual household interview methodology was implemented. As part of this methodology, a male head of household was interviewed, as well as an adult female in the household, to allow insight and comparability between the two perspectives. This methodology was implemented in 1,356 households. The results for all female household members, as well as the 0.3% of female-headed households, are indicative only. On the other hand, the results reported by heads of household are representative with a minimum level of confidence of 90% and a margin of error of 10%.
Overall, the WoAA 2021 questionnaires included indicators covering all 11 clusters and working groups, including: Education in Emergencies (EiE), Emergency Shelter and Non-Food Items (ES-NFI) , Food Security and Agriculture (FSAC), Health, Nutrition, Protection, and Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH). The indicators have been reviewed by the ICCT, clusters and working groups, and have been aligned with Afghanistan’s Joint Cross-Sectoral Analysis Framework (JIAF) for 2021.